What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a metabolic syndrome of various origin, due to lack of insulin or the inability of insulin to properly exercise its effects, causing an increase in glucose (sugar) in the blood. Diabetes happens because the pancreas is not able to produce the hormone insulin in sufficient quantity to meet the needs of the body. Because this hormone is not able to act correctly ( insulin resistance). Insulin promotes the reduction of glycemia by allowing the sugar that is present in the blood to penetrate the cells use as a source of energy. So if there is a lack of this hormone, or even if it does not act correctly, there will be increased blood glucose and hence, So how I freed myself from diabetes.
Types of Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas loses the ability to produce insulin due to a defect in the immune system. Causing our antibodies to attack the cells that produce the hormone. Type 1 diabetes occurs in about 5 to 10% of patients with Diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes
In type 2 diabetes, there is a combination of two factors – the decrease in insulin secretion and a defect in its action, known as insulin resistance. Generally, type 2 diabetes can treat with oral or injectable medications; however, over time, the worsening of the disease may occur. Type 2 diabetes occurs in about 90% of patients with Diabetes.
The Pre-diabetes is a term uses for indicating that the patient has the potential to develop the disease as if it was an intermediate state between healthy and type 2 diabetes. In the case of type 1 does not exist pre-diabetes. A person is born with a genetic predisposition to the problem and the impossibility of producing insulin, being able to diabetes at any age and it is very difficult for them to get freed from diabetes.
It is the increased resistance to the action of insulin in pregnancy, leading to increases in blood glucose levels diagnosed for the first time in gestation, and may or may not persist after delivery. The exact cause of Gestational Diabetes is not yet known but involves mechanisms related to insulin resistance.
Common questions to freed from diabetes
My blood sugar test is over 100 mg/dl. I have Diabetes?
Not necessarily. Fasting blood glucose testing is the first step in investigating Diabetes and keeping up with the disease. Typical values of fasting glycemia are between 70 and 99 mg / dL (milligrams of glucose per deciliter of blood). Being slightly above these values indicates only that the individual has a fasting blood glucose level. It works as an alert that the insulin secretion may not be reasonable, and the doctor should follow up with the investigation requesting. An examination calls the glycemic curve, which defines whether the patient has glucose intolerance, Diabetes or just an altered outcome.
Is Diabetes Contagious?
Diabetes is nothing more than a person. What happens is that, especially in type 1, there is a genetic propensity to have the disease and not a standard transmission. It may occur, for example, that the mother is not freed from diabetes and the children are born healthy.
Type 2 diabetes has a multifactorial function: it is a consequence of bad habits, such as sedentary lifestyle and obesity. Which can also be adopted by the entire family – explaining why close people tend to have the disease together but also have a genetic propensity.
Can I consume honey, brown sugar, and cane juice?
It is known that adult type 2 diabetes, which corresponds to 90% of cases of Diabetes in the world, those are not free from diabetes. It has a multifactorial cause, that is, many factors that together trigger the disease. The sedentary life, the genetic tendency, and especially the weight gain are the leading causes.
The weight gain is due to the excess of calories ingested. That way, if the person eats extra sugar and ends up gaining weight, in this case, yes sugar is the cause of weight gain, which can eventually lead to Diabetes. But if you overeat bread, or potatoes, or rice, and because of these calories you are overweight, you are also at risk of developing diabetes.
In short, it is not the fact that you eat correctly sugar that causes Diabetes, but that you overeat any food that ends up causing your weight to increase. And, in addition to being overweight, other factors, such as stationary and family history, need to be added to the risk of developing Diabetes.
Does Insulin Cause Dependence?
Insulin application does not promote any chemical or psychic dependence. The hormone is essential to allow the entry of glucose into the cell, becoming a source of energy. It is not about artificial relationship; it is about vital necessity. The patient is not freed from diabetes needs insulin to survive, but he is not a substance addict.
3 Mistakes When Trying to Reduce Blood Sugar
A common mistake in controlling Diabetes should be avoided to improve the quality of life of patients and prevent complications. The patient does not perceive some of these errors while carelessness and other reasons commit others.
1) Failure of insulin dosage
Diabetic patients who need to inject insulin daily should be well aware of the dosage to be administered. To do this, it is essential to check the amount prescribed by the doctor, to aspirate the liquid from the bottle and to be sure of the quantity to be administered.
Also, it is essential to use only the insulin syringe itself, discard the needle after use and pass a 70% alcohol cotton in the region. Another fundamental issue is to make the rotation in the places of application; can be the arm, belly, and legs to prevent the formation of keloids.
2) Neglect with other diseases
People who are not freed from diabetes, cannot neglect the other diseases they have, even if it is a simple cold. The hormonal change that the diabetic patient has suffered over the years interferes with different conditions and the medications used.
Hypertensive patients, who suffer from thyroid problems, among other situations, should always be advised by a physician.
This is because these professionals will assist in the best treatment and will provide specific guidelines for these cases. Thus avoiding changes in blood glucose or complications of other diseases.
3) When choosing the power supply
The diabetic patient has an excess of sugar in the blood, that is, hyperglycemia. Insulin uses for lower these sugar levels; otherwise, the patient may develop problems. It is always a big trouble for those people who are not freed from diabetes.
Hepatitis C surpasses 90% cure with new treatment in Brazil
In October 2015, Brazil incorporated three new drugs for the treatment of hepatitis C: daclatasvir, simeprevir, and sofosbuvir. Drugs raise the cure rate of the disease to more than 90%, which with the old treatment (Interferon and others) was limit to 60%. Also, they have minimal side effects and provide a shorter treatment time (12 to 24 weeks). With the new protocol, treatment with daclatasvir and sofosbuvir, combined with ribavirin, can be cured at three months.
For Joaquín Molina, Representative of the Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization (PAHO / WHO) in Brazil. The new protocol adopted by the country’s health system provides a better life for people living with the disease. “Since the incorporation of the new drugs, Brazil has shown very positive results regarding hepatitis C cure rates. The country’s initiative can serve as an example for other states that also face the challenges posed by the disease. PAHO / WHO has been working with the country to make this scenario even more positive, “he said.
Since 2011, Brazil has been distributing rapid tests for the detection of the disease. Each year, about 3,000 deaths are associated with hepatitis C. Currently, there is no vaccine for the disease.
In the 1980s and 1990s, exposure to the virus occurred mostly with blood transfusion, hemodialysis, injecting drug use, sharing of personal effects, unprotected sex, and the making of tattoos. Until 1993, there were no diagnostic tests for the disease in Brazil, as well as, effective treatment to combat it.
The Brazilian Ministry of Health estimates that 1.4 million Brazilians have hepatitis C. However, only 120,000 cases of the disease have been reporting in the past 13 years – the South and Southeast regions account for 86% of the occurrences. Leandro Sereno, WHO consultant in the field of Communicable Diseases and Health Situation Analysis, recalls that the incidence of the disease is higher in people over 45 years. “Until the beginning of the 1990s, the testing of blood donates by the population was not complete in Brazil. Because the virus can take 20-30 years to manifest symptoms. During at the time received blood transfusions or shared syringes may develop the disease late. That is one of the factors that make it difficult for patients to find health services and, consequently, for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Currently, with the intermediation of the Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization (PAHO / WHO). Mercosur member countries negotiate the joint purchase of a new generation drug to treat hepatitis C. The amount will define by the governments in the agreement of the demand of each country. Procurement of medicines will complete through the PAHO / WHO Strategic Fund. A professional staff of the institution also support the Ministry of Health in the development of new clinical protocols.
Transmission and symptoms
Hepatitis C virus is most commonly transmitted through untested blood transfusion, syringe shares (as in the case of injecting drug use), and re-use or inadequate sterilization of medical equipment. The disease, more rarely, can also be transmitted vertically (from an infected mother to the baby) and through the practice of sex without a condom. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), after the initial infection, 80% of people do not show any signs of the disease. Others can develop acute hepatitis, characterized by symptoms such as fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine, gray stools, joint pain and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes). Of every 100 people who have contact with the HCV virus, 80 will progress to chronic infection.
Early diagnosis can prevent many problems arising from infection and also prevent the transmission of the virus. The WHO recommends regular hepatitis C testing for the at-risk population.
Which includes: people who use drugs, people deprived of their liberty and who have tattoos or piercings, among others.
WHO launched an action plan for the prevention and control of viral hepatitis in October 2015 and called on its Member States to prioritize hepatitis C. As a public health issue by promoting and integrating comprehensive responses and setting specific targets to address the challenges this infectious disease presents. “The document establishes goals, strategies, and objectives for the control of hepatitis, focusing on types A, B, and C. Brazil participated actively in drawing up the Plan with us,” said Sereno.